Escarpment Biosphere Conservancy

503 Davenport Road
Toronto, ON M4V 1B8
Board Chair: Miriam Henriques
Board Vice-Chair: Saba Ahmad

Charitable Reg. #:88878 2570 RR0001


Ci's Star Rating is calculated based on the following independent metrics:

[Charity Rating: 4/5]


Most recent Audited financial statements available on the charity’s website.



Grade based on the charity's public reporting of the work it does and the results it achieves.



The demonstrated impact per dollar Ci calculates from available program information.


Charity's cash and investments (funding reserves) relative to how much it spends on programs in most recent year.



For a dollar donated, after overhead costs of fundraising and admin/management (excluding surplus) 98 cents are available for programs.

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About Escarpment Biosphere Conservancy:

Founded in 1997, Escarpment Biosphere Canada (EBC) operates out of Toronto on protecting land. EBC’s mission is to create, maintain, and manage a system of natural reserves around the Niagara Escarpment as well as educating the public about conservation, and preservation efforts.

The charity works with property owners to create nature reserves. EBC has two different approaches to create these reserves: conservation agreements, and severances and donated land. Conservation agreements allow a landowner to restrict development on their land in future years and place a set of restrictions on any work that can be done. When an owner creates a conservation agreement, they receive a tax receipt equal to half the value of their land (excluding buildings). Through severances and donated land, landowners either donate or sell their property at a reduced rate to EBC. EBC is then able to secure the wetlands or forest and leave the original owner with the house. Owners will receive a tax receipt that usually ranges from 60-97% of the value of a sale. EBC also gives landowners with the option to donate their land but continue live on it until they choose to leave or pass away.

EBC currently has 172 nature reserves with over 13,650 acres of land protected. This includes 18.2km of shoreline around Lake Huron, 13.5km of the escarpment slope, and 53km of public trails. The total value of the land and rights to land owned by EBC is almost $20m.

Escarpment Biosphere Conservancy’s conservation efforts help with the Ontario Biodiversity Initiative. The goal of this initiative is to protect 17% of Ontario south of the Canadian Shield by 2020.

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Results and Impact

EBC’s natural reserves have resulted in the protection of 56 species that are recognized as rare or listed as “at-risk” provincially and/or federally.

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Escarpment Biosphere Conservancy is a medium-sized charity with total cash donations and land donations and easements of $1.3m in F2018. Ci included land donations and easements of $955k in F2018, $1.2m in F2017 and $2.5m in F2016 in program costs to better reflect operating cash flows but excluded the amounts from program costs when calculating the charity’s program cost coverage ratio. Administrative costs are 2% of revenues and fundraising costs are 0.5% of donations. For every dollar donated to the charity, $0.98 goes to its programs. This is outside Ci’s reasonable range for overhead spending. Net funding reserves of $587k can cover annual program costs (excluding land donations and easements) for almost 2 years.

Updated on July 31, 2019 by Stefan Tetzlaff.

Financial Review

Financial Ratios

Fiscal year ending December
Administrative costs as % of revenues 1.8%1.1%0.9%
Fundraising costs as % of donations 0.5%0.7%1.0%
Program cost coverage (%) 46.8%38.3%13.5%

Summary Financial Statements

All figures in $s
Donations 331,758530,079150,632
Goods in kind 955,5001,215,0002,457,800
Business activities (net) 141,596120,1284,500
Investment income (9,698)23,61629,716
Other income 1,19551815,482
Total revenues 1,420,3511,889,3412,658,130
Program costs 1,254,7641,472,4852,677,176
Administrative costs 25,55619,83523,485
Fundraising costs 1,5113,7421,426
Other costs 12,03831,3390
Cash flow from operations 126,482361,940(43,957)
Capital spending 031,5430
Funding reserves 586,704564,494361,964

Salary Information

Full-time staff: 1

Avg. Compensation: $34,721

Top 10 staff salary range:

$350k +
$300k - $350k
$250k - $300k
$200k - $250k
$160k - $200k
$120k - $160k
$80k - $120k
$40k - $80k
< $40k

Information from most recent CRA Charities Directorate filings for F2017

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Comments & Contact

Comments added by the Charity:

Charity comments are from a previous profile:

EBC spends most of its' limited resources accepting donations of land and conservation agreements. That means a dollar spent on appraisals and legal fees protects over $20 worth of land. In 2016 we protected 1,478 acres of land worth $2.5 million for about $90,000. In terms of useful services, that sequestereded an additional 19,563 tonnes of CO2 and ecosystems services valued at $4,540,000 by Ontario's Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry. We figure that's a very good return on every donated dollar. We protect 52 rare and endangered species on our reserves.

Charity Contact

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